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29 Dec 2018 -

Tactica commands with phonetics

Reverte!  (Reh WayR Tay!) As you were! or, Revert to Original Position

State! (STah Tay!) Stand Fast! (or Rest in Place)

Silentium!   (silence) Mandata Captate! (See LeN Tih uM! MahN Dah Tah  /  Kap Tah Tay!) Silence! Attention to Orders.

Captate! (Kap Tah Tay!) Attention! 

Arma,  Portate! (AR MaH  /  PoR Tah Tay!) Carry Arms!

Arma, Demittite! (AR Mah / Deh MiT Tih Tay!) Order Arms!

Signum Demittite!  (SeeG Num / Deh MiT Tih Tay!) Leave the Standard!

Ad Contum,  Clina! (Ahd / KahN TooM / Klee Nah Tay!)  To the Spear, Face!

Redi!  (Ray Dee!) Return! 

Ad  Scutum,  Clina!  (Ahd / Skoo Tum  /  Klee Nah Tay!) To the Shield, Face!

Transforma!  (Trans For Mah! ) About Face!

Oblique Ad Contum [Scutum],  Clina! (o Blee Kway / ahD / KahN TuM [Skoo TuM] / Klee Nah Tay!) Right [Left] Oblique, Face!

Move Ad Scutum! (Moe way / ahD /  Skoo Tum! ) Move Toward the Shield!

Move Ad Contum!  (Moe way / ahD /  KoN TooM!) Move Toward the Spear!

Cede!  (Kay Day!) Give Way!

Ad Duo.  Exi! (ahD / Dew oh, eKS ee!) To Two Ranks, File Out!

Ad Quattuor. Intra! (ahD / Kwat Too oRR. eeN TRaH!) To Four Ranks. File In!

Ad Octo. Intra! (ahD / oK Toh. eeN TRaH!) To Eight Ranks. File In!

Ad Quattuor. Exi! (ahD / Kwat Too oRR. eKS ee!) To Four Ranks. File Out!

Ad Arma! (Ahd / AR MaH!) Ad Signum! (ahD / SeeG Num)To Arms! To the Standard!

Dirige Frontem! (Dee Ree Gay / FRoNT eM!) Dress the Front!

Arma, Demittite! (AR Mah / Day MiT Teh Tay!) Order Arms!

Ad Quattuor. Ad Signum! (ahD / KwaT Too oR. ahD / SeeG Num) To Four. To the Standard!

Arma, Demittite! (AR Mah / Deh MiT Teh Tay!) Order Arms!

Dirige Frontem! (Dee Ree Gay / FRoNT eM!) Dress the Front!

iunge! (YooN Gay!) Close Up!

Largi! (LahR Gee!) Open Up!

Ad Latus, Stringe! (ahD / Lah Tus,  STRiNG Gay!) By Flank, Draw In! 

Largi ad Ambas Partes! (LahR Gee ahD / AM BahS / PaR TayS!) Open Up to Both Sides!

Arma, Portate! () Carry Arms

Ad Contum [Scutum],  Clina! () To the Spear [Shield], Face!

Signum ad Frontem! () Standard to the Front!

Movete! (Moe way Tay!) March!

Gradum,  Servate! (GrahD uM, SeR wah Tay!)  Keep the [Miliary] Step!

Plenum Gradum, Servate! (PLeN um / GRah Doom, SeR wah Tay!)  Keep the Full Step!

State! (STah Tay!) Halt.

Celerate! (KeLL eR ah Tay!) Speed up!

Tardate! (Tar Dah Tay!) Slow Down! 

Ordinem,  Servate! (oRR Dih NeM, SeR wah Tay!) Maintain Formation! 

Signum, Sequute! (SeeG NuM,  Seh Qoo Tay!) Follow the Standard! 

Transforma! Movete! (TRahNS FoR Mah Tay! Moe way Tay!) About Face. March!

Ad Contum [Scutum] Clina.  Move! (ahD / KoN TuM [Skoo TuM] / KLeeN ah.  Moe way!) To the Spear [Shield] Face. Move!

State! Redi! (STah Tay! Ray Dee!) Halt! Return!

Ad Contum Oblique [Scutum] Clina,  Movete! (ahD / KoN TuM [Skoo Tum] / KLeeN ah, Moe way Tay!) Obliquely to the Spear [Shield], March!

Ad Contum [Scutum], Deponete! (ahd KoN Tum [Skoo TuM], Deh PoNe eh Tay!) To the Spear [Shield], Change Front! (by ranks)

Movete! () March!

Dirige, Frontem! () Dress the Front!

Ad Contum [Scutum], Clina! () Move! To the Spear (Shield), Face! Move!

State! Redi! () Halt. Return!

Transmutate! (TRanS Moo Tah Tay!) Countermarch by Files! 

Ad Signum. Deponete!   To the Standard. Change Front by Files! 

iunge! () Close Order!

Largi! (LahR Gee!) Open Order!

Ad Latus, Stringe! () By Flank, Draw In!

Largi ad Ambas Partes! () Open Up to Both Sides!

Ad Contum [Scutum], iunge! () To the Right [Left] Flank, Close Order!

Ad Scutum [Contum], Largi! () To the Left [Right] Flank, Open Order!

Ad Contum [Scutum] Clina, Movete! () Toward the Spear (Shield) March!

Reverte! () Return!

Dirige Frontem! () Dress the Front!

Ad Contum [Scutum], Deponete! () To the Spear [Shield], Change Front by Files!, or Flank Turn! 

Move ad Contum () Incline to the Right (by formation)

Move ad Scutum () Incline to the Left (by formation)

Ad Contum Depone. Movete! () To the Spear, Change Front! (by formation) March!

Undique, Servate! (ooN Dee Kwa / SeR Wah Tay!) To All Sides, Guard!

Ad Testudinem! (ahD / Tes  Too  Dih  NeM) To the Testudo!

Tela! (Tay Lah!) Incoming Missiles!

Pila, Parati! (Pee Lah / PahR ah Tee)  Prepare Pila!\

Pila Mittite (peee-laaah meet-it-tay) return pila

Pila Iacite (-ahac-itay)Throw Pila

Primus! Secundus! Tertius! Quartus!   First Rank! Second Rank! Third Rank! Fourth Rank! (to throw by ranks)

Vos Servate!  Guard (raise Scutum to Battle Position)

Gladium Stringate (glah-dee-um steen-gay-tay) Draw Sword

Gladium Recondite (glah-dee-um re-cohn-dee-tay) Sheath Sword!

Percute! (pehR Kew Tay!) Charge!

Sta/State (stah/stah-tay) Stop

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15 Jun 2017 -


Click here for for a Member Application.

You may also e-mail or telephone our unit point of contacts:

By e-Mail:

By Telephone:
Rob Zienta: 410.599.4229 (cell)


What are the costs and commitments to participate as a Roman soldier or civilian with Legio IX Hispana?

There are no dues or initiation fees to join Legio IX (although we may occaisionally ask for voluntary contributions toward unit equipment or projects). Participation is up to each individual, although we encourage everyone to attend as many activities as they can! We strive to have about 10 events a year, including a mixture of unit workshops (fabrica), work parties at event sites, public living history displays, and non-public immersion events.

Little or no initial investment is required to participate in your first few events; the unit has some loaner equipment and clothing available for new members to use while they are acquiring their basic items. Everyone is encouraged to obtain their own clothing and footware first; many members have made their own for under $100 or purchased these items for under $200.

Portraying a Roman miles (soldier) with all of his combat equipment of course costs more (but less than it does to portray a soldier in some other periods!). Legio IX strives to make the completing this portrayal (called an "impression") as economical as possible. We buy equipment in bulk at near wholesale prices, and raw materials in large quantities. We hold unit workshops (fabrica) where members can make their own equipment or learn the techniques and borrow our patterns. Most members use a combination of buying some items and making others, although almost everything you might need is available from commercial vendors.

Two items, the shield (scutum) and spear (pilum) are usually issued to each miles at events by the unit quartermaster. This eliminates the requirement to buy these on your own (although some members do so anyway). 

Examples of costs for a soldier impression:

Costs of materials to make your own, versus near wholesale to retail price range:

  • Calcei or caligae (Roman hobnailed boots) $40, vs. $75 to $90
  • Tunica (tunic) $25, vs. $50 to $65
  • Balteus (soldier's belt) with baltea bullatis (dangling studded straps)  $40+, vs. $139 to $250 (depending on style and level of decoration)
  • Lorica segmentata (segmented body armor) $60, vs. $169 to $225 (depending on size)

Cost range to purchase through unit, versus retail vendor (not including shipping):

  • Galea (helmet) with liner $120 vs. $150 (for recommended styles)
  • Gladius (sword) $92 to $135 vs. $150 to $170 (depending on type and level of decoration)

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Calendar of Events 2018

(Note: Other events may be added to the calendar over the course of the year. Legio IX fabrica and work party dates are usually selected a few weeks in advance according to which is convenient for the greatest number of members or the hosts.)


  • Date TBD: Fabrica in Fairfax, VA. More MTA preparation work.
  • March 16-18: Military Through the Ages at Jamestown Settlement near Williamsburg, VA. (Official date has not yet been announced but it is almost always held on this weekend). Annual gathering of reenactment groups from ancient to modern periods. A great venue to showcase the unit and do some recruiting. Overnight camping Friday and Saturday (or stay in a nearby motel). 
  • April 6-8: Clash of Iron at Castra Lafe in Arkansas (Official date has not yet been announced but it is usually held on this weekend) Annual immersion event held at Iron Age site with recreated wood and earthwork Roman castra, vicus, and Celtic village. Some Legio IX members have already expressed an interest in carpooling to this event.
  • May 25-27: Castra Aestiva Held annually near Tillsonburg Ontario, Castra Aestiva is a non-public training event involving Romans and their enemies. It is recommended that new Roman reenactors attend it for a unique immersion experience. Participants bivouac in tents (sub-pelibus) sheltered inside of the protective walls of a fortified camp. Activities include typical army fatigues, Roman drill, weapons handling (sword, archery, pila, sling and free arm stone throw), patrolling and (unit) field combat against enemies of the empire. 

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